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4 Main Sections Of A Scientific Primary Research Paper Articles That You Should Never Miss Out

What are the 4 main sections of a scientific primary research paper? Getting your research manuscript or research paper published in an international journal certainly is not an easy task especially for non-native English speakers. Even though language plays a vital role to get a research paper published, but we can’t simply lose focus into the format and structure of a research paper itself.

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4 Main Sections Of A Scientific Primary Research Paper Articles-EdiThumbsResearch writing should follow a rigid, standardized, and established format and structure as it is the best way to share your research findings or breakthroughs to the research community. Please bear in mind that a research paper can be read on numerous stages depend on the readers. Some readers will just focus at the title, others might read only the title and abstract or abstract only, and some might read the whole research paper for deep understanding of the research. Usually, people will skim through the 4 main sections of a scientific primary research paper. So, it is critical to have a good and precise content or else people don’t want to read your research paper. This will undeniably affect your research paper citation. Sound difficult? Well, writing a good research paper is not difficult. Sometimes, you just need proper guidance only to get started.

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Here’re the 4 main sections of a scientific primary research paper:

  • Title
  • Authors
  • Abstract
  • Keywords


The title is the key factor that determine whether readers want to read further the whole article or not. In other words, it is the major advertisement for the research paper. The title should be simple, precise, sound catchy, and match the content of the research paper as the title is used by indexing services. Avoid pointless words such as ‘an observation on’, ‘a study of’, and don’t use any jargon or abbreviations as this term give the bad impression to the audience.

Example of good title: The Cutting Edge of Membrane Technology for Desalination


There is no specific guideline for the listing of authors. In some case, it is based on the will of the research team or first author. Technically, the list of authors can involve people who have made a contribution to the research such as data collections or who have approved the final version of the manuscript prior publishing.


Most of the people fail to write a good abstract. Please bear in mind that a good abstract should summarize the problem statement or objective, method, results, and the conclusions of your research in no more than 200 words. You should fully utilize the 200 words to describe your research. Use them wisely and avoid unnecessary information such as references, figures or tables, and discussions in your abstract. Remember that poor abstract writing and structure will make the readers lose their appetite to read further.

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What is the best time to write the abstract? Is it before or after finished writing research paper? Many people face this similar inquiry? Well, the abstract should be written last as it can reflect the content of your research paper precisely. You will feel much easier to write the abstract at the end as you know the overall content of the research paper.


A list of precise keywords is critical. These keywords reflect your research and increase the possibility of your research paper being found by other researchers especially in Google Scholar as keywords are used by abstracting and indexing services.

In conclusion, it is crucial to have 4 main sections of a scientific primary research paper, which comprise marvelous title, listing of authors, good abstract, and precise keywords as this will increase your research paper to be read by researchers all around the world. That is one of the strategies and steps all you need to do to write a compelling research paper. Good luck!

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What are the other factors that you need to consider besides the 4 main sections of a scientific primary research paper as discussed above? Leave your thought here!

Chiong Sie Jing

Sie Jing is an experienced proofreader and copyeditor with 8+ years of experience proofreading and editing for a variety of clients. He has helped many PhD students to publish their research in international journals with high impact factor. He is also a Certified Internet Marketing Practitioner (CIMP) & Certified Six Sigma Black Belt (CSSBB).