How To Use Apostrophe S And S Apostrophe In Journal Writing

 

🤔How to use apostrophe s and s apostrophe?
🤔What’s the difference between apostrophe s and s apostrophe?
🤔When to use s’ instead of ‘s?

Many PhD research students are confused with apostrophe (‘s) and s apostrophe (s’). In fact, it is very important to use s’ and ‘s correct as it is a part of the grammar. Knowing how to use apostrophe s and s apostrophe correctly will make your sentences easier to read and understand. This strongly demonstrates to the journal editors that your manuscript deserves to be published in their journal. So, how to use apostrophe s and s apostrophe?

Firstly, you need to understand the purpose of using them. Try to avoid using contractions such as n’t (not), ‘re (are) and ‘ll (will) in journal writing. You can use apostrophe s and s apostrophe to show ownership or possession. Below shows some examples how to use apostrophe s and s apostrophe.

Example 1:

Li et al. (2015) investigated functionalized graphene oxide as a reinforcement in bismaleimide’s nanocomposite.

Explanation: Bismaleimide (singular noun) is the name of the material. Adding an apostrophe s shows that bismaleimide is categorized under nanocomposite family.

 

Related: 5 Different In Text Citation Styles You Need To Know In Journal

 

Example 2:

Jakes’ house is built in 1999.

Or

Jakes’s house is built in 1999.

Explanation: Jakes (singular noun) is the name of a person. Adding an apostrophe or apostrophe s after Jakes both shows that the house is owned by Jakes.

Example 3:

The leakage of chemicals’ residues to the river can cause environmental pollution.

Explanation: Chemicals’ residues (plural nouns) here refers to many chemicals. Adding an apostrophe after chemicals show that residues are owned by chemicals.

 

Related: When Should Et Al. Be Used In An In-Text Citation?

 

Example 4:

Lens’s and polymer’s industries are in the growing stage.

Explanation: Each has a different type of industries

Example 5:

Lens and refinery’s industries are in the growing stage.

Explanation: All two are the same type of industries

 

Related: 5 Best Place To Study PhD At Emerging Economies Countries

 

Your Turn

All the above examples show how to use apostrophe s and s apostrophe. Use apostrophe s and s apostrophe correctly as it will bring a positive impression to the editor and readers as well.

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Chiong Sie Jing

Chiong Sie Jing

Sie Jing is an experienced proofreader and copyeditor with 8+ years of experience proofreading and editing for a variety of clients. He has helped many PhD students to publish their research in international journals with high impact factor. He is also a Certified Internet Marketing Practitioner (CIMP) & Inbound Certified.